Audio or video podcast [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]

Overview

Webpages can be volatile and subject to unannounced change. Therefore, it is important include the internet address (or URL) for the webpage you accessed, as it may not be at that location when your work is assessed. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.

Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permalink' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. If there is no stable URL for the item, give the homepage

Reference as for an ordinary webpage, but add [Audio podcast] or [Video podcast] immediately after the title.

Although you must give the full web address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the author if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.

Standard Form

Surname of primary contributor, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year, month day). Title [Audio podcast] or [Video podcast]. Retrieved from web address

Examples

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retreived from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Citation in Text

... influenced early radio broadcasts (Van Nuys, 2007).

Notes

  • If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.
  • If the author is not given, begin your reference with the title of the document.
  • If the title is missing, described the document inside square brackets after the date [Description of document].
  • If a document is part of a large website such as that for a university or government department, give the name of the parent organization and the relevant department before the web address:

Alexander, J., & Tate, M. A. (2001). Evaluating web resources. Retrieved August 21, 2001, from Widener University, Wolfgram Memorial Library website:www2.widener.edu/Wolfgram-Memorial-Library/webevaluation/webeval.htm