Book with multiple authors [from Print source using APA 6th ed.]


Don't panic if you see several dates inside the book. The date you need to use is the one which matches the edition of the book that you're using. Ignore any dates that are just listed as reprints or impressions. Look on the book cover and see if it says e.g. Fourth edition (it should also say this on the title page inside the book). In this case all that you need to show in your reference in the reference list is the date for the 4th edition of the book (and give the edition after the title of the book, immediately before the page numbers). Search for the book on the library catalogue to check the details needed for the reference if you are unsure.

Use this format if you want to reference a book chapter in Moodle which is a copyright-cleared digital scan of the print version. Include [Scan from Moodle] to indicate the format. If you access a book or e-book via a link in Moodle, reference these sources in the usual way.

Standard Form

Author, Initials., Author 2, Initials., & Author 3, Initials. (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.). Place of publication: Publisher.


Armitage, A., Bryant, R., Dunnill, R., Hammersley, M., Hayes, D., Hudson, A., & Lawes, S. (2008). Teaching and training in post-compulsory education (3rd ed.). Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2003). Writing at university (2nd ed.). Maidenhead: Open University Press.


Book chapter in Moodle which is a copyright-cleared digital scan of the print version

Watts, R., Hil, R., & Bessant, J. (2008). International criminology: A critical introduction [Scan from Moodle]. London: Routledge.


Citation in Text

Creme and Lea (2003, p. 51) indicate that ...

It has been suggested (Moore, Estrich, McGillis, & Spelman, 1984, pp. 142-143) that offenders ...



  • List up to seven authors in the reference. For eight or more authors, include the first six authors' names, then insert an ellipsis ( . . . ), and add the last author's name.

Citing multiple authors in the text of your work:

  • With two authors both names should be listed in each citation e.g. (Duncan & Goddard, 2003, p. 99).
  • With three to five authors, name all authors the first time, then use et al. (and others). For example: the first time it would be (Moore, Estrich, McGillis, & Spelman, 1984, p. 33) and subsequent references to the same publication would use (Moore et al., 1984, p. 33).
  • Note that when the in-text reference occurs naturally within the sentence "and" should be used before the final author. But when the entire reference is enclosed in brackets the ampersand (&) should be used.