Entry with no author in a reference book [from Print source using APA 6th ed.]


Examples include dictionary or encyclopaedia/encyclopedia entries.

For an entry with no author, place the title in the author position.

Don't panic if you see several dates inside the book. The date you need to use is the one which matches the edition of the book that you're using. Ignore any dates that are just listed as reprints or impressions. Look on the book cover and see if it says e.g. Fourth edition (it should also say this on the title page inside the book). In this case all that you need to show in your reference in the reference list is the date for the 4th edition of the book (and give the edition after the title of the book, immediately before the page numbers). Search for the book on the library catalogue to check the details needed for the reference if you are unsure.

Standard Form

Title. (year). In Initials. Name of Editor/s (Ed/s.)[if any], Title of reference book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed., Vol. number[if any], pp. start and end page numbers of entry). Place of publication: Publisher.


Faust. (2001). In A. Holden (Ed.), The new Penguin opera guide (pp. 867-868). London: Penguin.

Guidance of the Sentencing Guidelines Council on suspended sentences. (2007). In A. P. Carr & A. J. Turner (Eds.), Stone's justice manual (Vol. 1, paras. 3-152). London: LexisNexis Butterworths.

Citation in Text

... "based on various versions of the Faust legend" ("Faust", 2001, p. 867) ...


  • For major reference works with a large editorial board, list the name of the lead editor followed by et al.
  • Omit editor information if it is not given.