Entry with author(s) in a reference book [from Print source using APA 6th ed.]


Examples include dictionary or encyclopaedia/encyclopedia entries.

Look for an author of the entry (often at the end). The form of the reference is similar to that for a chapter in an edited book.

Don't panic if you see several dates inside the book. The date you need to use is the one which matches the edition of the book that you're using. Ignore any dates that are just listed as reprints or impressions. Look on the book cover and see if it says e.g. Fourth edition (it should also say this on the title page inside the book). In this case all that you need to show in your reference in the reference list is the date for the 4th edition of the book (and give the edition after the title of the book, immediately before the page numbers). Search for the book on the library catalogue to check the details needed for the reference if you are unsure.

Standard Form

Author, Initials. (year). Title of entry. In Initials. Name of Editor/s (Ed/s.)[if any], Title of reference book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed., Vol. number[if any], pp. start and end page numbers of entry). Place of publication: Publisher.


Cherp, A., & Mnatskanian, R. (2004). Environmental degradation: Past roots, present transition and future hopes. In Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2005 (5th ed.) (pp. 67-72). London: Europa.

Lijphart, A. (1995). Electoral systems. In The encyclopedia of democracy (Vol. 2, pp. 412-422). London: Routledge.

Lockwood, L., O'Regan, N., & Owens, J. A. (2001). Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da. In S. Sadie (ed.), The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (2nd ed.) (Vol. 18, pp. 937-957). London: Macmillan.

Scratan, P, & Chadwick, K. (2001). Critical research. In Sage dictionary of criminology (pp. 72-74). London: Sage.

Citation in Text

The Soviet economy was responsible for much environmental degradation (Cherp & Mnatskanina, 2004, p. 69), such that ...

Lijphart (1995, p. 418) views the primitive electoral system of ...

Palestrina's new style from 1571 (Lockwood, O'Regan, & Owens, 2001, pp. 941-942) derived from ...

Scratan and Chadwick (2001, p. 73) state that initially critical research was concerned with ...


  • Omit editor information if it is not given