Chapter in an edited e-book: same as print version [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]


Use this format for a chapter in an edited book, where the contents page shows that the chapters have been written by several different people. This format can also apply to a chapter written by the editor(s), or an introduction. Some edited books consist of material previously published elsewhere, e.g. in journals. Ignore this, and follow the format outlined below. You have to reference what you have seen, and not the previous publication, which you cannot be sure was not different.

This format is for e-books with author(s) which are facsimiles of the printed book. Examples are found in e-book collections such as Ebook Central (formerly ebrary and MyiLibrary), dawsonera, JISC Historic Books, EBSCOhost, Google Books, and Oxford Scholarship Online. E-books can be viewed online, and some can be downloaded onto a computer or mobile device using the Adobe Digital Editions or the Bluefire reader for example. Many electronic sources do not provide page numbers. If paragraph numbers are visible, use them in place of page numbers (using the abbreviation para.), e.g. para. 582. Alternatively, cite the chapter or section, followed by the paragraph number (if appropriate) e.g. (Chapter 4, para. 3). 

You will need to quote the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if there is one; otherwise use the web address.  A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. All DOI numbers begin with 10 and contain a prefix and suffix separated by a slash. If there is no DOI, give the web address (or URL) of the e-book. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.

Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permalink' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. For books from online collections such as Ebook Central, dawsonera and Google Books, give the web address of the e-book collection homepage rather than the full URL of the e-book.

The Discovery Service provides a permanent link known as a 'Permalink' for each item in its index, including those in HTML format.  To see the Permalink, click on the title of the item and look under Tools on the right-hand-side of the screen where you will see a Permalink link. Click on this link and the URL will be displayed for you to copy and paste into your reference.

Although you must give the full web address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the author if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.

Standard Form

E-book with DOI

Author of chapter, Initials. (year). Title of chapter. In Initials. Name of Editor/s (Ed.), Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed., pp. start and end page numbers of chapter). of digital object identifier

E-book without DOI viewed online in Ebook Central (formerly ebrary and MyiLibrary), Routledge Handbooks Online, dawsonera etc. 

Author of chapter, Initials. (year). Title of chapter. In Initials. Name of Editor/s (Ed.), Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed., pp. start and end page numbers of chapter). Retrieved from web address

E-book downloaded using Adobe Digital Editions. Bluefire etc.

Author, of chapter, Initials. (year). Title of chapter. In Initials. Name of Editor/s (Ed.), Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed., pp. start and end page numbers of chapter). [e-book version if known]. Retrieved from web address


Jakobson, R. (2012). On linguistic aspects of translation. In L. Venuti (Ed.), The translation studies reader (3rd ed., pp.126-139). Retrieved from



Citation in Text

"An array of lingusitic signs is needed to introduce an unfamilar word" (Jakobson, 2012, p.126).


  • Treat multiple authors of a chapter in the same way as multiple authors of a book.
  • If there is no identifiable author, begin your reference with the title of the document. Cite the first few words of the title in the text of your work and use double quotation marks around the title.
  • For collections of readings, if the extract is short (e.g. paragraphs), reference the book, and treat it as a quotation e.g. Smith (1856), quoted by Brown (2005, p. 54), says that ...
  • If there are no page numbers, the chapter title is sufficient.
  • If the online version refers to a print edition, include the edition number after the title inside brackets.  Otherwise, leave out this part of the reference.