E-book with author(s): same as print version [from Electronic source using Vancouver]


This style is for e-books which are facsimiles of the printed book. Examples are found in such collections as Ebook Central (formerly ebrary and MyiLibrary) and dawsonera.

The basic pattern is similar to printed books with some important additions.

Standard Form

Author Initials. Title [type of medium]. Nth Edition [omit if 1st]. Place: publisher; date [note of any update/revision date; cited date]. Available from URL


British Pharmacopoeia online
Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). The British Pharmacopoeia, 2016: Monographs: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Substances: Chalk [Internet]. London: The Stationery Office; 2015 [cited 2016 May 16]. Available from https://www.pharmacopoeia.com/bp-2016/monographs/chalk.html?published-date=2015-08-03

Medicines complete
Baxter K, Preston CL, editors. Stockley's Drug Interactions [Internet]. London: Pharmaceutical Press; 2016 [cited 2016 May 16]. Available from https://www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/stockley/current/

Gray H. Anatomy of the human body [Internet]. 20th ed. Lewis WH, editor. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger; 1918 [cited 2008 Jun 4]. Available from http://www.bartleby.com/107/

Melia KM. Health care ethics: lessons from intensive care [Internet]. London: Sage; 2004 [cited 2008 Apr 23]. Available from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/portsmouth/Doc?id=10080927

Citation in Text

Remember this will be a running number at the first use of a reference. If the reference is re-used then repeat the number allocated. Keep your style constant, either parenthesis (number) throughout, or superscript number. Do not change between the two. If your department recommends a particular style then use that.


  • If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert [date unknown] where you would normally give the year.