Dissertation [from Print source using Vancouver]

Standard Form

Author Initials. Title of dissertation [dissertation]. Place: Name of institution; year.


Hardman JP. Rainer Werner Fassbinder's BRD trilogy: a manifesto for social and political reform [dissertation]. Portsmouth: University of Portsmouth; 1999.

Scott P. Evaluating the electronic requesting and reporting of laboratory tests in the renal unit of a district general hospital [dissertation]. Portsmouth: University of Portsmouth; 2004.

Citation in Text

Remember this will be a running number at the first use of a reference. If the reference is re-used then repeat the number allocated. Keep your style constant, either parenthesis (number) throughout, or superscript number. Do not change between the two. If your department recommends a particular style then use that.

Scott (14) concluded that ...


Scott14 concluded that ...


  • Dissertations are usually non-recoverable, except sometimes to staff and students of the institution to which they were submitted.